"Cloth" is also a plastic "that is thrown" non-woven bags into a disguised source of pollution
Since the release of the "Opinions on Further Strengthening Plastic Pollution Control" in early 2020 for more than two years, non-degradable disposable plastic bags have gradually withdrawn from the market, and reusable non-woven bags have become one of the main substitutes. But in fact, non-woven bags are not "cloth" bags, but plastic products.
Industry insiders said that if it is abused for a long time, it may become another source of white pollution after plastic bags.
Become the most accepted alternative for consumers
A few days ago, the reporter visited a number of shopping malls and supermarkets in Fengtai District of Beijing and found that in addition to paying degradable plastic bags, large supermarkets and chain stores also sell non-woven shopping bags. In a large supermarket Xihongmen store, the reporter saw that the price of non-woven shopping bags on sale was between 1.5 yuan and 5 yuan. Supermarket staff told reporters that these non-woven bags are tough and durable and can be reused. Sometimes the brand will print advertisements and give them to consumers who come shopping for free.
Nowadays, non-woven bags have become the most accepted substitute for plastic bags by consumers. According to the "Research Report on the Consumer Side of the New Regulations on Plastic Restrictions in the Yangtze River Delta" released by the Shanghai Consumer Protection Commission last year, 76.4 percent of the respondents said they had non-woven bags at home. Many consumers think that non-woven bags are beautiful, cheap and strong, and agree that they are a substitute for plastic bags, and most consumers think that non-woven bags are environmentally friendly. "This kind of bag can't be cleaned, and it will be thrown away if it is stained with oil. Anyway, it is an environmental protection bag and will not pollute the environment." Ms. Wu's view is representative. In an online survey of 1016 valid questionnaires, 756 people said that "do not think non-woven bags are plastic products, will not cause pollution".
The essence is still plastic products
So are non-woven bags really environmentally friendly?
Li Menghe, deputy manager of Anhui Suzhou Fengling Plastic Industry Co., Ltd., told reporters: "The raw material of non-woven bags is actually plastic, mainly including PP (polypropylene, accounting for 62% of the total) and PE (polyester, accounting for 24% of the total). Its essence is still non-degradable plastic products. In the natural environment, its degradation process is as slow as traditional plastic bags. Therefore, these bags named" cloth "are neither the" cloth bags "mentioned in the new plastic restriction policy, nor can they be called" non-plastic products '."
According to a study published by the British Environment Agency in 2011, non-woven bags need to be reused at least 11 times to make up for the pollution it brings. Liu Sheng, a professor at the School of Materials Science and Engineering of Beijing University of Chemical Technology, told reporters: "The non-woven bags used in supermarkets and takeout meals are thin, and the requirements for load-bearing, carrying, waterproof and puncture-proof performance are not high, and the workmanship, quality and durability are poor., It is prone to damage, open lines, etc., and it is difficult to reuse. If the non-woven bag is used only once, the energy consumption of a single non-woven bag is 17.8 times that of a disposable plastic bag, and the carbon emission is 16.7 times that of a disposable plastic bag." He said that people generally mistakenly think that non-woven bags are traditional cloth bags, and they have a vague understanding of their pollution problems. In order to reduce the loss of the "plastic restriction order", some businesses widely use light and easily damaged non-woven bags to replace them. To a certain extent, it violates the original intention of the "plastic restriction order" and leads to new pollution, which requires great attention. There is nothing wrong with non-woven bags as a transitional product, but the extensive use of plastic bags will probably become another huge source of white pollution.
Encourage recycling to resist "one-off"
Liu Sheng told reporters that non-woven bags should be recycled as much as possible, and attention to recycling is also a very important issue. Li Menghe said that compared with plastic bag recycling companies, there are very few companies that recycle non-woven shopping bags. The reporter learned through Tianyan inquiry that there are more than 31000 enterprises producing non-woven bags in China, while less than 100 enterprises are engaged in non-woven recycling.
At the same time, there is no corresponding national standard for non-woven shopping bags, and the national standard for non-woven fabrics involved in the production of non-woven fabrics is GB/T 5709-1997. With the concept of environmental protection becoming more and more popular, more consumers tend to use environmentally friendly and pollution-free daily necessities. To this end, Liu Sheng suggested that the industry standards should be improved first, and the production standards of non-woven bags should be formulated from the aspects of moisture-proof, tenacity, load-bearing and thickness. Non-woven bags that meet the standards should be circulated in the market, otherwise they should be punished with traditional plastic bags. Guide manufacturing companies to fulfill their social responsibilities, comply with industry standards, strengthen the universal design of non-woven bags, and meet the needs of non-specific scenarios.
Liu Sheng said that relevant departments should also formulate more specific management and guidance measures for non-woven bags, bring non-woven bags that do not meet industry standards into the scope of supervision of the "plastic limit order", and severely crack down on unqualified production and sales. Standardize the advertising of enterprises and merchants, require the platform to strengthen advertising audit, and prohibit misleading or false propaganda. At the same time, strengthen the publicity of "disposable" non-woven bags, let it get rid of the false name of "cloth", guide the general public to correctly understand non-woven bags, vigorously advocate the concept of environmental protection and energy saving, encourage recycling, and correct discarded bag garbage Classified and put, resist "disposable" non-woven bags.