National Development and Reform Commission, Ministry of Ecology and Environment jointly issued! 8 major tasks of plastic pollution control in 2022!
In the past two months, Beijing, Tianjin, Inner Mongolia, Shandong Province and other provinces and cities have issued the "14th Five-Year" Plastic Pollution Control Action Plan and the National "Plastic Pollution Control 2022 Work Points" as guidance. The key points of the province's plastic pollution control work in 2022, proposed measures to control plastic pollution, and clarified the division of responsibilities of various government departments.
The national "Key Points for Plastic Pollution Control in 2022" was jointly issued by the National Development and Reform Commission and the Ministry of Ecology and Environment, and put forward 8 major tasks for plastic pollution control.
The following is the full text of the key points of plastic pollution control in 2022:
Key points of plastic pollution control in 2022
In 2021, with the joint efforts of all regions and relevant departments, the whole chain of plastic pollution control has achieved initial results, the source reduction has been actively promoted, the production capacity of alternative industries has been rapidly increased, the consumption of disposable tableware in the take-out field has been greatly reduced, the utilization rate of recyclable transfer bags between express delivery stations has exceeded 90%, the recycling level of plastic waste has been further improved, and the national agricultural film recycling rate has reached 80%. At the same time, we must also see that the situation facing plastic pollution control is still severe and complex. In order to thoroughly implement the decisions and arrangements of the CPC Central Committee and the State Council, implement the requirements of documents such as the opinions on further strengthening the Control of Plastic pollution, the 14th five-year Plan of Action for the Control of Plastic pollution, and promote the control of plastic pollution to achieve greater results, the key work in 2022 is proposed as follows.
Adhere to the guidance of Xi Jinping Thought on Socialism with Chinese Characteristics for a New Era, fully implement the spirit of the 19th National Congress of the Communist Party of China and the 19th Plenary Sessions, thoroughly implement Xi Jinping's thoughts on ecological civilization, earnestly implement the spirit of the Central Economic Work Conference, adhere to problem-oriented, goal-oriented, and respect Objective laws and the needs of the masses, systematic advancement, key breakthroughs, continue to strengthen the entire chain of plastic pollution control, and solidly promote special control actions, efforts should be made to solve the pain points and difficult problems of common people's concern and social concern, further focus on key areas such as e-commerce, express delivery, takeout and agricultural film, further compact the responsibilities of compaction departments and local governments, so as to achieve obvious results in plastic pollution control, and meet the victory of the 20th National Congress of the Communist Party of China with practical actions.
(I) plastic products source reduction action.
Compaction production and sales link responsibility.
It is forbidden to produce and sell ultra-thin plastic shopping bags with a thickness of less than 0.025mm, polyethylene agricultural mulch film with a thickness of less than 001mm, disposable foamed plastic tableware and other plastic products. (The General Administration of Market Supervision)
Refine the implementation of the national policy on the prohibition of plastic microbeads, speed up the revision of relevant product technical specifications, and promote the prohibition of plastic microbeads in washing cosmetics and toothpaste. (State Food and Drug Administration)
Strengthen the implementation of the 2021 version of the mandatory national standards for restricting excessive packaging of goods, and promote enterprises to speed up the preparation of standards during the transition period. (The General Administration of Market Supervision and the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology are responsible)
Actively carry out green product certification such as plastic products, and promote the utilization rate of recycled raw materials and the recovery rate of products. (The General Administration of Market Supervision takes the lead)
Increase the key core technology research and achievement transformation of degradable plastics, continuously improve product quality and performance, and organize research on the identification standards of degradable materials and their products. (Ministry of Industry and Information Technology)
Pay close attention to the reduction work in the field of business and cultural travel.
Issued and implemented the "Administrative Measures for the Use and Reporting of Disposable Plastic Products in the Business Field", compacted the main responsibilities of commodity retail, e-commerce, catering, accommodation, etc., and implemented the use and reporting requirements of disposable plastic products. (Ministry of Commerce takes the lead)
Revise the national standard of "Classification and Evaluation of Star Ratings of Tourist Hotels" to include the relevant requirements for the reduction of disposable supplies. Give full play to the role of national star hotel national standard implementation supervisor, strengthen open and unannounced visits, to ensure the implementation of standards and norms. (Ministry of Culture and Tourism)
Strengthen the management of express packaging.
Strengthen supervision and inspection, supervise the implementation of the "mail express restrictions on excessive packaging requirements" and other management regulations. We will comprehensively establish a unified, standardized and binding express green packaging standard system, issue standards such as the regulations on the filing and Management of Mail Express Packaging Operation norms (for trial implementation), and do a good job in the implementation of standards and norms. Further increase the proportion of low-weight high-strength express boxes and glue-free boxes, and reduce the strength of express packaging plastics. Organize and carry out the public collection of ecological and environmental protection products, technologies and models in the postal express industry, and strengthen the supply and demand docking of plastic substitutes. (State Post Office)
In-depth development of express packaging green product certification, to help express packaging green transformation. (The General Administration of Market Supervision takes the lead)
Comprehensively promote the large-scale application of recyclable express packaging pilot. (The State Post Bureau, the National Development and Reform Commission and the Ministry of Commerce are responsible)
Strengthen the standardized management of the field of transportation.
The implementation of the national standard "railway passenger transport service quality" in the relevant provisions of plastic pollution control. Guide the highway service area around the continuous implementation of garbage classification regulations, reduce the use of disposable plastic products. Supervise and urge ships to collect, transfer and dispose of ship garbage, including plastic garbage, in strict accordance with relevant laws and regulations, and crack down on illegal discharge of ship garbage in accordance with the law. Incorporate civil aviation plastic pollution prevention and control work into the civil aviation industry supervision and law enforcement information database, strengthen daily inspections of implementation, and organize civil aviation regional administrations to carry out special inspections. (The Ministry of Transport, Railway Administration and Civil Aviation Administration shall be responsible according to the division of responsibilities)
(II) plastic waste regulation recycling disposal action.
Supervise and guide all localities to accelerate the construction of domestic waste classification and collection system.
Rational layout of residential communities, commercial and office space of domestic waste classification collection containers, box rooms, bucket stations and other facilities and equipment, improve the effectiveness of domestic waste classification. (Ministry of Housing and Urban-Rural Development)
Support recycling companies to use self-built, leased, contracted and other methods to operate waste material recycling sites, improve plastic waste recycling capabilities, and form a basic network that takes root in the community and serves residents. (Ministry of Commerce)
Support the construction of a number of large-scale, networked and intelligent standardized recycling sites and express packaging recycling facilities. (National Development and Reform Commission)
Improve the collection and transportation system of rural domestic waste, and increase the efforts to rectify informal garbage dumps. (The Ministry of Housing and Urban-Rural Development and the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs are responsible according to the division of responsibilities)
Combined with the improvement of the rural living environment, the cleaning of plastic waste will be included in the work of the village cleaning action, and all localities will be deployed to clean up the open-air plastic waste scattered in front of and behind the village houses, river ponds and ditches, fields, roadways and roads. (Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs, National Rural Revitalization Bureau)
Support the construction of a number of domestic waste incineration facilities to further enhance the incineration capacity. (The National Development and Reform Commission and the Ministry of Housing and Urban-Rural Development are responsible)
(III) waste plastics recycling action.
Support the construction of a number of waste plastic recycling projects to enhance the level of industry capacity. (National Development and Reform Commission)
Implement relevant preferential tax policies such as value-added tax and income tax. (State Administration of Taxation, Ministry of Finance)
The announcement released a list of enterprises that meet the requirements of the comprehensive utilization of waste plastics industry norms, and cultivated thousands of enterprises in the industry. (Ministry of Industry and Information Technology)
Organize the implementation of the national key research and development plan "key technologies and equipment for circular economy", support the research and development of key technologies for the recycling of waste plastics, and promote the transformation and application of research and development results. (Ministry of Science and Technology)
Guide waste plastic recycling projects to gather in parks such as resource recycling bases and industrial resource comprehensive utilization bases, and promote the large-scale, standardized and clean development of the plastic waste recycling industry. (The National Development and Reform Commission and the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology are responsible according to the division of responsibilities)
(IV) rivers, lakes and seas "clean" operation.
Play the role of the river and lake long platform at all levels. In the Yangtze River, Yellow River, Pearl River, Songhua River, Huaihe River, as well as Taihu Lake, Danjiangkou Reservoir, Three Gorges Reservoir and other important rivers and lakes, special clean-up of plastic waste will be carried out. (The Ministry of Ecology and Environment and the Ministry of Water Resources of the National Development and Reform Commission are responsible according to the division of responsibilities)
In Qinhuangdao, Jiaozhou Bay, Haizhou Bay, Dongtou Bay, Quanzhou Bay, Minjiang Estuary, Xiamen Bay, Shenzhen Bay, Dapeng Bay, Haikou Bay, Sanya Bay and other key bays (bay areas), we will carry out special cleaning and bleaching to promote coastal cities and counties to establish a long-term mechanism for cleaning up marine plastic waste. (The Ministry of Ecology and Environment takes the lead)
(V) agricultural film and pesticide packaging management action.
In-depth implementation of agricultural film recycling actions, and vigorously promote the application of mechanized pick-up, professional recycling, resource utilization and proper disposal of standard plastic film. To carry out the scientific use and recycling of plastic film, focus on the promotion and application of biodegradable plastic film and thickening of high-strength plastic film in key film areas, improve the recycling network system, effectively prevent and control "white pollution" in farmland, and ensure that the recovery rate of agricultural film is stable at more than 80%. (Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs)
Accelerate the development of pesticide packaging materials, specifications, cleaning, harmless treatment and resource utilization and other series of standards. Guide all localities to set up pesticide packaging waste recycling points (stations) according to local conditions to improve the coverage of the recycling network. Strengthen the environmental supervision of pesticide packaging waste recycling. (The Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs, the Ministry of Ecology and Environment, and the National Federation of Supply and Marketing Cooperatives are responsible according to the division of responsibilities)
Give full play to the role of supply and marketing cooperatives in improving the rural environment, organize and hold training courses for supply and marketing cooperatives to improve the rural human settlement environment, focus on deploying the whole system to do a good job in plastic pollution control, and vigorously carry out the standardized recycling of waste plastic such as waste agricultural film and pesticide packaging. (National Supply and Marketing Cooperatives responsible)
(VI) public institutions lead the demonstration action.
Revise the "Reference Standards for the Evaluation of Domestic Waste Classification in Public Institutions", incorporate plastic pollution control into the evaluation content, and build a number of demonstration sites for the classification of domestic waste in public institutions. Organize the selection of plastic pollution control cases for public institutions in 2021-2022, intensify the publicity and promotion of relevant demonstration cases, promote public institutions to fully implement various requirements for plastic pollution control, strive to fully cover the central state organs, subordinate public institutions and provincial public institutions by the end of 2022, and expand the publicity coverage of colleges and universities. (The State Administration of Management and the National Development and Reform Commission are responsible according to the division of responsibilities)
(VII) key areas of supervision and action.
Organize and carry out joint special actions by plastic pollution control departments to supervise and guide the implementation of local work. (The Ministry of Ecology and Environment and the National Development and Reform Commission take the lead)
Strengthen the law enforcement and supervision of excessive packaging of goods. Increase the comprehensive law enforcement of plastic shopping bags and agricultural film products, strengthen supervision and spot checks, and implement follow-up spot checks on unqualified enterprises. We will increase the capacity-building of biodegradable plastics testing, and strictly investigate and deal with the acts of degradable plastics such as false standards and false standards. (The General Administration of Market Supervision)
Strengthen the environmental supervision of waste plastic recycling enterprises, and intensify the rectification of "scattered pollution" enterprises and illegal behaviors. Targeted guidance to the new investment and transportation incineration plant to improve the level of environmental management, to take technical assistance, testing, research, law enforcement and other ways to solve common problems in the industry. (Ministry of Ecology and Environment)
(VIII) propaganda to guide action.
Seriously summarize the good experience and good practices of plastic pollution control, and increase publicity and promotion. Comprehensive use of traditional media, new media and other means to increase plastic pollution control publicity and reporting, do a good job in plastic pollution control related policy publicity and interpretation and public opinion supervision, guide the public to scientifically understand plastic pollution problems, correctly understand plastic pollution control policies, and actively participate Plastic pollution control work. (The Central Propaganda Department, the Central Cyberspace Administration of China, the National Development and Reform Commission, and the Ministry of Ecology and Environment take the lead)
Urge relevant industry associations, platforms and enterprises to further increase the publicity of plastic pollution control. (Ministry of Commerce takes the lead)
Organization and implementation
The National Development and Reform Commission and the Ministry of Ecology and Environment have strengthened overall planning and coordination, gave full play to the role of the special working mechanism for plastic pollution control, strengthened follow-up and supervision, and notified places where key tasks were not implemented effectively. All departments do a good job in the implementation of various tasks in accordance with the division of responsibilities, strengthen departmental coordination, closely track the progress of key work, and regularly report to the special work mechanism.
People's governments at all levels implement territorial management responsibilities, take overall responsibility for the plastic pollution control work within their administrative regions, strengthen organization and leadership, carefully arrange deployment, and pay close attention to the implementation of work to ensure the completion of the plastic pollution control goals and tasks in the region.